Alabel is a 1st class municipality in the province of Sarangani, Philippines. It is the capital municipality of Sarangani Province. According to the latest census, it has a population of 71,872 people in 12,312 households.
Alabel is largely based on agriculture with a high level production of dried coconut meat. Animal husbandry is the second biggest income earner, notably cattle farming. Other agricultural products are coconuts, maize, sugarcane, bananas, pineapples, cotton, mangoes; goat farming, pork, eggs, beef; fish; charcoal; coconut weaving. It is adjacent to the highly urbanized sea port city of General Santos.
The economy has accelerated in the past decade driven by advances in global communication technology and the finishing of a modern highway that tremendously improved trade and transport.
According to the last general elections, it has a total voting population of 33,071 voters.
In 1947, Santiago Alaba and Tomas Beldad, Sr. with their respective families were the first settlers in Buayan. The Place became a barangay of the Municipality of Dadiangas on September 17, 1956, thru Hadji Abdawa Mohamad and Marcos Malinao and named "Alabel" in honor of Alaba and Beldad families. On September 10, 1971, Alabel became a municipality under R.A. 6393, formerly House Bill No. 3222 with the initative of Hon. James L. Chongbian.
Initially, the town was comprised of 8 barangays namely: Poblacion, Alegria, Maribulan, Pag-asa, Kawas, Domolok, Bagacay and Tocawal. Later, between 1986 to 1989, barangays of Spring, Baluntay, Datal Anggas, and Paraiso were created, bringing it to 12 barangays. The first set of elected officials were: Lucio J. Alaba as Mayor, Jose Orlino, Jr. as Vice Mayor, and Councilors: Dionisio Lim, Sr., Gregorio Lumanta, Hermogenes Pecolados, Ignacio Solis, Alfredo Radaza, Honorio Navarro, Teodolito Jabilles, Sr. and Exequil Tecson.
In 1986 EDSA Revolution, Mayor Alaba was replaced by Hernando L. Sibugan, the appointed mayor to the Ministry of Local Government and was elected to the same office in 1988 and 1992. Finally, Alabel become the capital town of the created Sarangani Province by virtue of Republic Act No. 7228 in May 16, 1992, through the representation of Hon. James L. Chiongbian.